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Fluorinated greenhouse gases impact on climate change. Climate change refers to significant change in the measures of climate, such as temperature, rainfall, or wind over a long period of time. Climate change is a natural phenomenon. However, the current phase of climate change being experienced is being accelerated by human activities that result in the emission of greenhouse gases.
Greenhouse gases are those gases which contribute to the greenhouse effect. There are six greenhouse gases as follows:
Each of these gases is controlled by the global environmental agreement known as the Kyoto Protocol. Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) are collectively known as fluorinated greenhouse gases and are further controlled by specific EU legislation.
F gases are controlled by European Regulations (EC) No. 517/2014 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases. This Regulation aims to cut EU emissions of F-gases by two thirds by 2030 compared to levels in 2014.
The F-gas Regulation:
The main uses of fluorinated greenhouse gases are in stationary and mobile refrigeration and air-conditioning systems, fire protection, high voltage switch gear, semiconductor production as well as in foams, aerosols and metered dose inhalers. In many cases, HFCs have been used to replace ozone depleting substances such as CFCs and HCFCs in refrigeration and air conditioning systems and halons in fire protection systems.
In addition to the F-gas Regulation, there is a series of implementing European Regulations to address specific requirements as follows:
Download a copy of the revised F-gas Regulation – Regulation 517/2014
Download a copy of the European Union (Fluorinated Greenhouse Gas) Regulations 2016 (S.I. No. 658 of 2016) - These Regulations, which make provisions necessary for the purposes of full and effective implementation in Ireland of Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No 842/2006, were published in December 2016. They effectively replace the previous Irish statutory instruments S.I. No. 279 if 2011 and S.I. No. 278 of 2011 which implemented the repealed Regulation (EC) No 842/2006.
Download the latest guidance here.
Contact F-gas Registration Ltd. (FGR), the company certification body in Ireland.
Read about the EU's action to control fluorinated greenhouse gases
Read a summary of European legislation on F-gases
Visit the EPA’s climate change webpages
Visit the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government F-gas pages
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