EPA issues licences for incinerators

Date released: Nov 25 2005

The Environmental Protection Agency has today issued licences for the first two commercial waste incinerators in Ireland.  The licences provide for the development of waste incineration facilities by Indaver (Ireland) at Duleek, Co. Meath and Ringaskiddy, Co Cork.  Indaver will be responsible for the operation and management of the facilities.

The decision to issue the licences is in line with recommendations made in the Chairpersons’ reports of the oral hearings held in Cork and Meath earlier this year.  In reaching its decision, the EPA Board of Directors considered the objections and submissions made in relation to these licences as well as the Chairpersons’ reports. 

Arising from the recommendations in the Chairpersons’ reports, both licences have been strengthened to take account of concerns expressed at the oral hearings.

The EPA is satisfied that operation of the facilities in accordance with the conditions of the licence will not endanger human health or harm the environment in the vicinity of the facilities or over a wider area.

Consistent with existing incinerators in Ireland, the licences have stringent conditions attached for the management, operation, control and monitoring of the proposed facilities.  These conditions meet the highest standards set by the EU Incineration of Waste Directive (2000/76/EC). 

The licence conditions require that:

  • Best available technology is used for the incineration of waste and abatement of emissions as set out in European Union guidelines.
  • All emissions limits comply with the EU Directive on Incineration of Waste.
  • Monitoring data, including real-time data, is made available on the Internet.
  • The licensee will undertake extensive communication with communities in proximity to the facilities.
  • The construction of each facility is closely supervised and, once constructed, independently certified as fit-for-purpose.
  • Senior management will have appropriate expertise in managing incinerators.

The licences provide for incineration with energy recovery of non-hazardous waste in Duleek and incineration with energy recovery of both hazardous and non-hazardous waste in Ringaskiddy.

The Office of Environmental Enforcement will monitor and enforce the licence conditions through a comprehensive and ongoing programme of environmental audits, unannounced site visits and systematic checks on emissions.  The EPA will carry out a programme of monitoring in the areas around the facilities.  The nature and extent of these monitoring programmes will be agreed with the Food Safety Authority of Ireland.

A two-month period during which a judicial review can be sought has now commenced.

All related documentation is available for download from the EPA web site at:


Note to Editors:

1. How the licensing process works:

  • Given the complexity and scale of some waste activities, the EPA provides pre-application clarification and consultation so that applications are as complete as possible.
  • Once received, the application is rigorously assessed by a team of experts from the Office of Licensing and Guidance.
  • Extra information may be required from the applicant during this assessment.
  • When the application is deemed complete, and has been fully assessed, the Office of Licensing and Guidance makes a recommendation on the application to the Board of Directors of the EPA.
  • The Board assesses the recommendation, together with the application and all submissions, before making a decision.
  • The Board’s decision, in the form of a Proposed Decision (PD), is notified to the applicant, all third parties who made a submission on the application and other statutory consultees.
  • There follows a 28-day period when any person can submit an objection and request an oral hearing.  They can also make submissions on other objections.
  • All objections and submissions on objections are considered by a Technical Committee of the Agency, or through an oral hearing process.
  • Any person who lodged a valid objection, as well as the applicant, and the local authority (where relevant) has an automatic right to attend and participate fully at a hearing.  All hearings are open to the public.  Members of the public can participate in the proceedings where they have lodged a valid objection or with the expressed approval of the Chairperson. 
  • On completion of an oral hearing, the Chairperson will submit a report of the hearing to the EPA.  In this report, the Chairperson must make a recommendation to grant or refuse a licence.  Where the recommendation is to grant a licence, the Chairperson must outline the recommended conditions to be attached to the licence.
  • The recommendations arising, together with the objections and submissions, are considered by the Board of Directors before making a final decision to either refuse a licence or to grant a licence with or without conditions.
  • The EPA is debarred in law from granting a waste licence unless it is satisfied that the activity concerned, carried out in accordance with such conditions as may be attached to a licence, will not cause environmental pollution.

2. Chronology of application for Duleek incinerator licence (Reg. No. 167-1)

Applicant                                               Indaver Ireland (Branch of Indaver NV)

Address of facility                                  Carranstown, Duleek, Co. Meath

Application received                               5th December 2001

EIS circulated to specified bodies            6th December 2001

Submissions                                            A total of 127 submissions were received from third parties.

Proposed decision issued                        26th October 2004

Closing date for objections                     22nd November 2004

Objections                                             16 valid objections

Oral hearing commenced                        7th March 2005, Boyne Valley Hotel, Drogheda.

Oral hearing report submitted                  5th July 2005

Final decision issued                                24th November 2005


3. Chronology of application for Ringaskiddy incinerator licence (Reg. No. 186-1)

Applicant                                           Indaver Ireland

Address of facility                               Ringaskiddy, Co. Cork

Application received                            23rd April 2003

EIS circulated to specified bodies         24th April 2003

Submissions                                         A total of 9 submissions were received from third parties.

Proposed decision issued                     26th October 2004

Closing date for objections                  22nd November 2004

Objections                                           15 valid objections

Oral hearing commenced                     14th February 2005, Great Southern Hotel, Cork Airport.

Oral hearing report submitted              14th July 2005

Final decision issued                            24th November 2005

4. A briefing paper, “Municipal Solid Waste Incineration as part of Ireland’s Integrated Waste Management Strategy” is available on the EPA’s web site