We regulate the use of ionising radiation

The primary legislation governing safety in the uses of ionising radiation in Ireland is the Radiological Protection Act, 1991 (as amended). This Act provided the legal basis for radiation protection in Ireland and established the EPA as the national regulator.

The European Union’s Basic Safety Standards (BSS) Directive establishes binding legal requirements governing the use of ionising radiation across all EU Member States. In Ireland this is implemented through two Statutory Instruments: 

  • The Ionising Radiation Regulations (2019) cover those aspects of the Directives for the protection of worker and members of the public from the harmful effects of exposure to ionising radiations;
  • The Medical Exposure Regulations (2018) cover the patient protections provisions of the Directive.

Other relevant legislation includes: 

Radiological Protection (Amendment) Act, 2018

This act allows for the graded authorisation for the regulation of radioactive sources 

Radiological Protection (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014 (No 20 of 2014)

Radiological Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (Number 3 of 2002) 

This Act authorised the Minster to make regulations for the setting of licence fees and it made it an offence to make a false statement on a licence application and to breach a condition of licence.

European Communities (Supervision and Control of Certain Shipments of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel) Order, 2009 (S.I. No. 86 of 2009)

This statutory instrument deals with the shipment of radioactive waste, and gives effect in Ireland to Council Directive 2006/117/Euratom.

Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Act, 1998 (Number 43 of 1998)

This legislation lays down conditions governing the transportation of radioactive (and other hazardous) material by road, including packaging, labelling and the suitability of vehicles involved in such activity. This Act puts into effect the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).

European Communities (Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment) Regulations, 2011 (S.I. No. 349 of 2011)

These Regulations apply to the carriage, in tanks, in bulk and in packages, of dangerous goods by road, including the packing, loading, filling and unloading of the dangerous goods in relation to their carriage. They apply the provisions of Annexes A and B to the “European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road”.

European Communities (Safety Advisors for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail) Regulations, 2001. (S.I. No 6 of 2001)

This statutory instrument gives effect to Directive No. 96/35/EC and Directive 2001/18/EC, and deals with the appointment and training of transport safety advisors, accident reports and inspections.

Council Regulation (Euratom) No 1493/93 on shipments of radioactive substances between Member States

This regulation sets out the procedure to be followed when shipping sealed sources to other member states of the European Union.

European Communities (Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail) Regulations, 2003 (S.I. No. 701 of 2003)

This statutory instrument, dealing with transportation of dangerous goods (including radioactive materials) by rail, gives effect to EU Council Directive 96/49/EC.

Radiological Protection Act 1991 (Control of High Activity Sealed Radioactive Sources) Order (S.I. No. 875 of 2005).

This statutory instrument gives effect to Council Directive 2003/122/EURATOM on the control of high activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources.

Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations SI 31 of 2015

Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations Amendment No 2 SI 288 of 2015